I am committed to protecting and respecting your privacy which means that I collect, use and disclose your personal information responsibly and only to the extent necessary for the services I provide. This document describes my policies and procedures as they relate to collecting, using and disclosing your personal information. It also offers information about how you can access your records and request correction of recorded personal information.
Who I Am
Dr. Saeid Chavoshi, Psychologist, is sole owner of the private practice, which delivers psychological services (e.g., psychological assessment and psychological intervention). Staff member has been given appropriate training and receives ongoing supervision in the maintenance of privacy principles.
What is Personal Information?
Personal information is information about an identifiable individual. It includes information that relates to an individual’s personal characteristics (e.g., gender, age, income, home address or phone number, ethnic background, family status); health (e.g., health history, health conditions, health services delivered to them), activities and views (e.g., religion, politics, opinions expressed by an individual, an opinion or evaluation of an individual). Personal information and specifically personal health information is protected by privacy legislation (i.e., the Personal Health Information Protection Act [PHIPA]), and is different from business information (e.g., an individual’s business address and telephone number), which is not protected by privacy legislation.
Collection of Your Personal Health Information
The purposes of collecting your personal and health information are to provide you with appropriate and quality psychological services, contact you for service-related reasons, and prevent harm (such as reaching an emergency contact). I will not collect information from you for any other purpose (such as conducting research) without first obtaining your informed consent. If you do not want to provide consent for the collection of this latter kind of information, you are completely free to refuse and there will be no impact on your services.
I will collect personal health information directly from you, except when you have provided consent for me to collect such information from others (such as a spouse, family physician, or mental health professional with whom you have previously worked), or when the law requires me to collect information without your consent (such as emergency situations where the purpose of collecting information is to prevent potential harm).
By law and in accordance with professional standards, I am required to keep a record of my contacts with and services to you. Your record includes information that you have provided to me or have authorized me to receive, such as consent forms, session notes, results of any assessments, billing information, contact records, and correspondence that I have sent to or received relating to your service. The physical records are the property of my practice; however, you have rights regarding access to and disclosure from your record (discussed below), regardless of the form in which the information is recorded. In this office, information is recorded in both written and electronic form.
If you contact me through my website I only retain the personal information you provide and only use that information for the purpose for which you gave it to me (e.g., to respond to your email message).
Use of Your Personal Health Information
Your personal health information is primarily used to provide you with psychological services such as psychological assessment or intervention. The delivery of psychological services includes such tasks as service planning, maintenance of records, monitoring, billing, and collecting unpaid accounts. Other uses of your personal health information include to guide and improve the quality of services provided in my practice. Further, the College of Psychologists of Ontario may conduct external audits of psychologists' files; the College is the organization that regulates psychologists in this province. Audits involve accessing and inspecting client records, however I do not permit any identifiable client information to be removed from my premises for the purpose of an external audit without your consent. In addition, all individuals involved in such an activity are professionals required by law to maintain the confidentiality of all information that is accessed. Finally, when psychological services are paid for by third parties (such as the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board, motor vehicle accident insurance, or the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board), those third-party payers often require clients’ consent to collect and disclose to them information that demonstrates their entitlement to this funding or coverage. Discussing what information is shared with third-party payers is an important part of the consent process as well as a topic that can and should be discussed as needed during service delivery, and I encourage you to ask me questions or raise any concerns you may have on this topic.
Limits of Confidentiality
With few exceptions, your personal health information will not be disclosed to people outside of this practice without your knowledge and express consent. Written consent is always preferred; however in time-sensitive situations if you provide verbal consent to share information, written consent can be obtained in our next meeting. The exceptions are (a) situations where disclosure without consent is allowed by law (e.g., clear and imminent risk of serious bodily harm to someone, or professional or legal consultation), and (b) situations where disclosure is required by law (such as the mandatory reporting of a child who may be in need of protection, the mandatory reporting of a regulated health professional who has sexually abused a client, or a court order to release information from a record). These exceptions are entitled “limits of confidentiality”:
where the psychologist believes on reasonable grounds that disclosure is necessary to eliminate or reduce significant, imminent risk of serious bodily harm (includes physical or psychological harm) to the client or anyone else, e.g. suicide, homicide. Note: If the psychologist believes a significant, imminent risk of serious bodily harm exists (this includes physical or psychological harm), there may be a professional and legal duty to warn the intended victim to contact relevant authorities, such as the police, or to inform a physician who is involved in the care of the client.
where disclosure is required under the Child and Family Services Act, 1990 for example, where the psychologist has reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is in need of protection due to physical harm, neglect or sexual abuse by a person having charge of the child;
where necessary for particular legal proceedings (e.g. when the psychologist is subpoenaed);
to facilitate an investigation or inspection if authorized by warrant or by any provincial or federal law (e.g. a criminal investigation against the psychologist, his/her staff, or a client);
for the purpose of contacting a relative, friend or potential substitute decision-maker of the individual, if the individual is injured, incapacitated or ill and unable to give consent personally; and
to a Ontario College of Psychologists for the purpose of administration or enforcement of the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991.
In the event of a disclosure regarding abuse or suspicion of abuse of a resident of a Long Term Care Facility.
When providing consent to the disclosure of your personal health information, you may restrict the information that I do share (with the exceptions noted above). If, however, it is my opinion that the information you wish to restrict is reasonably necessary for another health service provider to provide appropriate services, I am required by law to inform the other provider that you have refused consent to provide some needed information.
The law requires that any disclosure of your personal health information is limited to information that is reasonably necessary for the purpose of that disclosure and does not include private information provided by a third party. Professional ethical standards governing my practice also require that I not disclose any information that might cause serious harm to someone, unless the law requires disclosure.
Protection and Retention of Your Personal Health Information
The privacy of your personal information is protected through the use of established procedures in my office. Examples of those procedures include that paper and electronic information is secured in a locked or restricted area at all times, computers are password protected, and electronic documents are encrypted and password protected. Email communication is only used with your consent, which is implied if you email me or our clinic first.
I need to retain your personal health information for some time in order to ensure that I can answer any questions you might have about the services provided as well as for my own accountability to external regulatory bodies. The College of Psychologists of Ontario requires that client records be kept for at least 10 years past the date of last contact for adults, and 10 years past the date at which the client would turn 18 years old. Paper records are destroyed through cross-cut shredding. Electronic information is deleted, and I physically destroy the hard drive of discarded hardware.
Our site contains links to other third party sites that may have different privacy policies. Please refer to the privacy policies of the respective sites. We bear no responsibility or liability for the privacy practices of these sites.
Your Access to Your Personal Health Information
With only a few exceptions, you have the right to access any record of your personal health information and to request copies of the information (I reserve the right to charge a nominal fee for record copying). If the record contains personal health information about another individual, that person’s information must be severed before you access the record. Other exceptions include access to raw data from psychological assessments, information provided in confidence by a third party, and information that could result in serious harm to someone’s treatment or recovery (including your own) or in serious bodily harm to someone (including yourself).
If you are the custodial parent or guardian of an adolescent under the age of 18 years who has received or is receiving service, you may not access the personal health information of that adolescent unless (a) s/he has provided written consent for you to access such information, or (b) s/he has been deemed incompetent to consent to the service on her or his own.
If you believe that the information in your record is not accurate, you have the right to request a correction. This right applies to factual information and not to my clinical opinion. Your request must be in writing and I will need 30 days to review it. Where we agree that there is an error, I will make the necessary correction(s) and notify all individuals to whom I may have sent the incorrect information. If I do not agree that I have made a mistake, you may submit a notice of disagreement that I must file in your record, and I will forward that notice to all persons to whom I may have sent the information.
Do You Have Questions or Concerns?
These privacy policies and procedures have been developed in accordance with the laws of Ontario, as well as professional regulations and ethical standards. Further details regarding the applicable laws, regulations and ethical standards may be found at the websites of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care (www.health.gov.on.ca), The College of Psychologists of Ontario (www.cpo.on.ca), and the Canadian Psychological Association (www.cpa.ca).
I, Dr. Saeid Chavoshi, will speak with you directly to answer any questions you may have regarding this Privacy Statement and to provide you with any further information about privacy practices or limits of confidentiality that are specific to your situation. If you have a concern about my privacy policies and procedures or have a complaint about how your privacy has been handled, please do not hesitate to speak or write to me.
Complaints or general inquiries may also be addressed to:
The Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario
2 Bloor Street East, Suite 1400
Toronto, Ontario M4W 1A8
Phone: 416-326-3333, 1-800-387-0073
The content of this website is provided for informational purposes only and should at no time be interpreted as clinical advice. The information provided on this site is not intended to replace or substitute in any way for the advice of a psychologist familiar with the specific facts relating to your particular circumstances as the information contained here is of a general nature. You should not act or fail to act based on something read on this website. Reviewing our website should not be viewed as having sought professional advice. While the content of this website may provide some general information, for any specific question you should seek professional clinical advice. Electronic Mail is not always a secure way to send confidential information, therefore we caution you to only send non-confidential information to us unless instructed otherwise.
Last Updated February 25, 2020.